The role of Medicine has increased the human life span. Medical procedures and medical devices have proven to benefit public health throughout the previous century, allowing for effective diagnosis and administration of appropriate medications to patients. One of the most disturbing health hazards includes Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI).
Traumatic Brain Injury
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a disturbance in brain activity produced by a hit, bump, or jerk to the skull, the head striking an item quickly and forcefully, or when an item penetrates the skull and reaches the brain tissue. Noticing any of the below clinical indications reflects a shift in brain functioning:
- Cognitive loss or reduction
- Impaired memory for events that occurred before or afterward the incident.
- Muscle weakening, loss of eyesight, and changes in speech are examples of focal neurological impairments.
- Disorientation, delayed thinking or trouble concentrating are examples of mental state changes.
The traumatic brain injury treatment is based on the degree of the injury. Mild brain injuries generally do not need treatments beyond rest and over-the-counter discomfort medications to manage headaches. A person with a moderate head injury, on the other hand, should be continuously followed at the household for any persisting, deteriorating, or new symptoms. They may probably need to see a doctor for follow-up care.
People who have suffered severe head injuries might have additional injuries that must be treated. Additional therapies at a hospital’s urgent care or ICU will limit potential negative impacts caused by inflammation, bleeding, or a lack of oxygen delivery to the brain.